Reasons for Acne Development

There are a variety of reasons that influence the development of acne. When an individual reaches the age of puberty, oil glands, also known as sebaceous glands, become activated. These glands are prompted by the male hormone, in both males and females, which is found in the adrenal glands.

In some cases, cells which are closer to the surface of the skin block the sebaceous glands and thus cause the naturally protective (and necessary) oil to build up underneath. As a result, the bacteria that are already present in our skin become agitated and multiply visually displaying on the skin as inflammation.

On the surface of the skin a pustule may appear, while deeper within the surface a pimple, or a papule, may develop, and if the bacteria is agitated even deeper, a cyst can appear. Whiteheads develop when the oil is pushed through the surface, and if that oil has contact with oxygen, otherwise known as oxidation, a black head will be the result.

Influences of Acne



Many believe that greasy food, food that is high in sugar, or food that is viewed as overall “junk food” can cause acne, but this is not the case. Studies have shown, however, that if you consume foods that are high on the glycemic index or a food that is high in dairy, you may develop acne or even make it worse.


Although having a parent who had a bad case of acne can influence your chances of developing the same affliction, you will not have the exact same experience as that of your parents.

Quality of the Skin:

Excessively dry skin can irritate the surface, and some individuals naturally have more oil on the skin surface which may cause more acne to develop. Although sweat doesn’t cause acne to develop it does increase the bacteria on the skin and should be maintained.

Hormonal Changes:

Hormones fluctuate during the cycle of a woman and therefore at certain times within her cycle, she may notice that she has worse acne. For some, they choose to take an oral contraceptive to help alleviate the development of the acne.

Beauty Products:

Skin care products typically don’t clog pores; however, it is best to stick to brands that are water-based and are oil-free as there is already enough natural oil on your face.

Other Influential Factors



Bed sheets, collars on shirts, scarves, and other objects that brush up against the skin can sometimes cause irritation and thus acne may develop or become irritated.


If you are prescribed a medication that includes bromides, iodides, an oral or even an injected steroid, there may be a connection to the development of acne.

External Exposure:

Sometimes, our jobs force us to be exposed to industrial products; acne may result due to this contact with the irritating goods.